Owain Glyndŵr's Wales
The revolt of Owain Glyndŵr began as a local dispute with his powerful neighbour, Sir Reginald de Grey, during 1399 and 1400. The cause of this dispute was a piece of common land that Glyndŵr asserted had been stolen by Grey and he appealed to the new king, Henry IV, for justice. None was offered and after repeated appeals, all ignored, Glyndŵr raised his standard outside Ruthin on 16 September 1400, effectively proclaiming himself a rebel.
To the men of Wales who followed him, however, Owain Glyndŵr was the symbolic leader of a resistance movement that turned into a widespread national uprising. Glyndŵr wasn't the only one with grievances against acquisitive and arrogant Marcher lords like Grey; many Welshman had long harboured a similar sense of frustration at unjust and oppressive English rule. Such men flocked in droves to Owain's banner and by 1401, the revolt had spread like wildfire the length and breadth of Wales.
(Text adapted from Gwyn A. Williams, When Was Wales, London, 1985)
Some of the significant places in the Glyndŵr rebellion are detailed below. Follow the links to learn more.
1 Aberystwyth Castle
Captured by Owain's forces in 1404
Owain's court, where he was proclaimed Prince of Wales in 1400
The church where Owain was married
4 Harlech Castle
Taken by Owain in 1404, location of his second parliament
Owain's first major victory in 1401
Where Glyndŵr was crowned in 1404
Location from where Owain wrote to the King of France
Owain's victory at the battle of Bryn Glas in June 1402
Owain Glyndŵr's principal court